The Sully Wing is on the eastern side of the Louvre and is build around the square courtyard.

King Philippe Auguste's fortress
The Lower Ground Floor houses the  rather strange but fascinating Medieval section.  Check out the remains of the medieval moat from the original Phillipe-Auguste fortress; as well as documentation of the history of the palace.  The fortress formed the western bastion of the Parisian city walls in AD 1190.  (Rooms 5 & 7).

 


The Ground Floor is devoted almost entirely to a stunning world-class collection of Egyptian, Greek, Persian and Levantine antiquities arranged more or less chronologically. Room 4 houses the magnificent Chapel of the Tomb of Akhethotep- a partial reconstruction of the original that was found in Saqqara. The slanted entrance to the tomb of Akhethotep (an Old Kingdom dignitary) is decorated with bas-relief carvings that are also spotted with the original polychrome decorations. These drawings tell us the story of the burial of Akhethotep.



Venus de MiloIn room 16 stands the famous sculpture of Venus de Milo– also known as Aphrodite.  This sculpture, from the 2nd century BC has the perfect proportions of the female body embodying sensuality and nobility. While the actual identity of the statue remains unconfirmed there are many speculations, as it has been found that the sculpture dates back to the Hellenistic period.

 


In room 12 you can find the colossal 2nd millennium BC statue of Ramesses II carved out of a single diorite block with Intaglio engraving.  The identity of the Colossal Statue of Ramesses IIsculpture is contested as there is some evidence of tampering of the object.  Since Ramesses was the greatest and most powerful of the Egyptian kings it seems unlikely, however, that he would consider recycling a predecessor’s  statue, and the imperfections are probably due to damage during a relocation. His smug almost arrogant expression is also consistent with a confident ruler. The imposing piece is one of the best examples of similar statues world wide as Ramesses replicated himself in statues many times.  He did this genetically as well, having sired the greatest number of children of any pharaoh.



The antiquities collection spills up into the First Floor that also contains ancient Roman and Etruscan artifacts. Many are arranged thematically bestowing an atmospheric spirit of time and place to the works.


Seated ScribeAnother self-satisfied and confident Egyptian can be found in room 22 with an ancient 3rd millennium BC painted limestone statue called Seated Scribe.  Not much is known about the identity of the subject in a sitting position, though he is thought have been a statuary for royalty.  The most striking feature of the statue is in the elaborate and intricate work of his eyes.

Boscoreale TreasureUnearthed from the slopes of Mt Vesuvius is the Boscoreale Treasure- a well preserved set of dining silverware buried by its owner before the volcanic eruption.  Epicurian motifs are engraved on the objects, along with philosophical musings such as ‘live for the moment’.  This is all the more poignant as the owner probably disappeared in a puff of volcanic ash soon after their burial.  You can find this treasure in room 33.


 
The Second Floor is exclusively dedicated to French painters, principally from the 17th to the 19th Igres 'Turkish Bath'century.  Room 60 contains some of Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres' most celebrated works – most notably Turkish Bath, was painted by him at the age of 82 and was entirely based on the accounts of his pen pal Lady Montague. He combined the nude form with an Oriental setting, successfully narrating her experience. This painting however, was seen to be too controversial to be displayed at the time of creation and was brought out only after his death. Ingres was a French Neoclassical painter who was well-known for his Romantic genre  that pioneered modern art. Noted for his strong lines and muted colouring, Ingres created, many portraits and narrative paintings that gave a realistic view of events (even the exhaustion of his subject).



Watteau 'Nymphe et Satyre'
Jean Antoine Watteau
is a French painter who was noted for his lively paintings that had charming colours and movement in the landscape. Touted to be the inventor of fête galentes (charming, bucolic scenes with a tad of romance and theatricality), the painter often drew inspiration from Italian comedies and ballet. His noteworthy works on display in room 36 are the Pierrot Watteau 'Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera' or 'Departure for Cythera'(portrait of a poetic man), Nymph et Satyre and Pilgrimage to the Isle of Cythera (the pioneer of fête galentes, featuring a group of youngsters, going/leaving the island of lovers).